Pet Stains

Pet Stains:

    Owners of even the best-trained pets will
    occasionally encounter pet accidents. Often, the
    urine is not discovered until long after the accident.
    The types of damage from pet stains can be diverse
    and are dependent upon the makeup of the urine.
    Urine content will change over the pet’s life because
    of the pet’s diet, medications, age, health, sex, and
    reproductive cycles. Because of these variations,
    some urine stains may not be removable.

         To treat urine-damaged areas:

    Blot damp areas as soon as the urine is detected,
    with plain white paper toweling.
    Apply a solution of 1/4 teaspoon of a liquid dish
    washing detergent (non-bleach and non-lanolin) with
    one cup of lukewarm water. Do not use automatic dish
    washing detergent or laundry detergent.
    Absorb the moisture with paper towel, rinse with
    warm water and repeat the application of detergent.
    Continue rinsing and blotting with the detergent
    solution and water as long as there is a transfer to
    the toweling or improvement in the spot.
    Follow the detergent application with a solution of
    one cup white vinegar to two cups water, and blot dry.
    Apply a half-inch layer of paper towels to the affected
    area, and weigh down with a flat, heavy, non-fading
    object. Continue to change paper towels until
    completely dry.
    Urine can affect the dyes used in carpet, although not
    all occurrences will result in a permanent stain.
    Success is dependent upon the content of the urine,
    the dyes and finish used, and the time elapsed after
    the deposit. Some urine spots may be immediately
    noticeable, while others may take weeks or months
    for a reaction. The dyes may change color immediately
    after contact with urine.

    When urine spots develop slowly and are noticed
    after much time has elapsed, the dyes and carpet
    fibers may be permanently damaged. In beige carpet,
    blue dyes are attacked by pet urine, leaving behind
    the red and yellow dyes with a resulting stain
    appearing red, yellow, or orange.

    Pet urine, left unattended, can damage carpet in
    several ways. Moisture can weaken the layers of the
    carpet, allowing separation or de lamination of the
    backing material. Seam areas can be particularly
    damaged and can separate.

    Another problem, especially with cats, is odor. Unless
    the cat urine can be completely removed, complete
    odor removal is unlikely. A number of products are
    available to combat odor, but may simply mask the
    odor, and, in times of high humidity, the odor may
    reappear. Recently, enzymes, available at pet stores
    and veterinary offices, have been developed that are
    more effective; but they may be better used by a
    carpet cleaning professional. If odor cannot be
    removed, the damaged area of the carpet can be
    replaced with a piece from reserved scrap. If carpet
    replacement is necessary, then replacement of
    cushion and even sub flooring may also be necessary.

    Some carpet manufacturers have developed
    backings that resist spills and even prevent the
    spillage from penetrating the carpet into the carpet
    cushion and, perhaps, the sub floor.

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